What is Aids ?
AIDS is an immune system disorder in which the body's ability to defend itself is greatly diminished. When human immunodeficiency virus (HIV, the virus that causes AIDS) invades key white blood cells called T lymphocytes and multiplies, causing a breakdown in the body's defence sustem, eventually leading to overwhelming infection and / or cancer - and, ultimately, to death.
Most deaths among people with AIDS are not caused by AIDS itself, but by one of the many infections or cancers to which the syndrome makes the body vulnerable. Essentially, AIDS is experienced as a series of various illnesses which come about by the initial HIV infection.
Risk factors for AIDS.
The more factors present, the greater the risk. They include the following:
Many people who are infected with HIV are not even aware that they have it. While some people experience a mild flulike illness within two to four weeks of exposure to the virus, it generally takes at least two to five years before any symptoms of HIV infection appear.
The length of time between an initial HIV infection and a positive diagnosis of AIDS has been estimated to be between two and ten years or more.
The virus does not lie dormant during this time. It immediately attacks the immune system.
In many cases, the first symptoms of HIV and AIDS are nonspecific and variable. One of the most common is a tongue coated with white bumps. This is oral thrush, or candidiasis. Candidiasis indicates a compromised immune system. Intestinal parasites are another common problem.
Other possible symptoms include:
Testing HIV-positive does not mean that one has AIDS. It means that one has been exposed to HIV, as shown by the presence of the virus antibodies in the blood. A confirmed positive HIV test result is often the earliest indication that the person may eventually develop AIDS. The medical criteria for a diagnosis of full blown AIDS are quite specific. They require the presence of one or more of the following infections or cancers known to be associated with HIV infection.
According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), these include:
Anyone with HIV or AIDS can make a major contribution to his or her survival and quality of life by getting into an early treatment program, especially a program where immune enhancement is encouraged. People with HIV or AIDS need higher than normal amounts of all nutrients because malabsorption is a common problem.
Barbara is a qualified nutritionist and Health & Wellness Coach. If you are aware of any health problem which may compromise your general health, it is important to seek treatment. A Health and Wellness Counselor may help you, to bring you back in balance and to good health through, detoxing, healthy eating and living, create a proper diet suited for your condition, advise natural remedies, herbs, wholefood supplements and organic cosmetics.
Barbara is a qualified nutritionist offering Health, Nutrition & Lifestyle Counseling. She gives Healthy weight loss advice and promotes the Mediterranean diet. She is the author of the Med Life Diet - creating healthy lifestyle habits and attitudes for life !