The prostate is a walnut-sized gland at the base of the bladder that encircles the urethra, the tube through which urine is voided. The prostate produces prostatic fluid, which makes up the bulk of the male ejaculate and nourishes and transports the sperm.
Cancer of the prostate gland is the second leading cause of cancer death among men. It is primarily a disease of aging. Men in their thirties and forties rarely develop prostate cancer, but the incidence increases steadily after the age of fifty.
Approximately 80 per cent of all cases occur in men over the age of sixty-five, and by the age of eighty, 80 per cent of all men have prostate cancer to some degree.
Prostate cancer is a slow-growing cancer. They mostly occur in the rear portion of the prostate gland; the rest originate near the urethra.
Lymphatic vessels leading from the prostate gland to the pelvic lymph nodes provide a route for prostate cancer to spread to other areas of the body.
Symptoms Of Prostate Cancer
Possible symptoms of prostate cancer can include one or more of the following:
In addition, these symptoms most often are caused not by cancer, but by an enlarged prostate, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).
Causes Of Prostate Cancer
The exact cause or causes of prostate cancer are not known. However, there are certain risk factors that have been linked to its development.
A clear message from migration studies is that most prostate cancer is due to diet and to environmental factors, not genetics.
Clearly, disease of the prostate gland is a major health issue for men. However, surgical removal of the prostate has a number of significant risks.
Since many of the nerves required for bladder control and erection are contained within the prostate gland, surgery to remove the prostate may also remove some of these nerves, rendering a man impotent or unable to control his bladder.
It is now believed that the metabolic products of testosterone cause an enlarged prostate and cancer. Within the prostate gland, the hormone testosterone is rapidly and irreversibly conversted by an enzyme to a more potent product called DHT.
Amazingly, green tea, essential fatty acids, and berries help to keep the enzyme in check that converts testosterone into DHT.
A German study has shown that the herb saw palmetto is more effective and has less side effects, than the prescription drug commonly used to treat enlarged prostate glands.
Foods To Avoid
Lycopene is a retinoid found in abundance in tomato products and watermelon. Lycopene is the most abundant carotenoid stored in the prostate gland, and is more potent than beta carotene in protecting against prostate cancer. Lycopene is not stored for very long, which means that a daily dose of lycopene-rich food is in every man's best interest.
Lycopene is absorbed better when tomatoes are cooked with olive oil or baked. Also limit synthetic fat intake since it reduces beta carotene and the amount of lycopene in the body.
Obviously, men should enthusiastically eat to beat and prevent prostate cancer !
If you are aware of any health problem which may compromise your general health, it is important to seek treatment. A Health and Wellness Counselor may help you, to bring you back in balance and to good health through, detoxing, healthy eating and living, create a proper diet suited for your condition, advise natural remedies, herbs, wholefood supplements and organic cosmetics.
Barbara is a qualified nutritionist offering Health, Nutrition & Lifestyle Counseling. She gives Healthy weight loss advice and promotes the Mediterranean diet. She is the author of the Med Life Diet - creating healthy lifestyle habits and attitudes for life !